January Meteor Showers Guide

January is one of the least active months for people that enjoy hunting meteor showers. There are only 4 active events throughout the month and just two peak days. Thankfully, they are all mostly bright and highly visible.

Meteor showers are some of the coolest celestial events to witness. It is not necessary to use a telescope or binoculars to watch them, making them some of the most accessible as well for people that are just getting into astronomy and stargazing.

Every month there are a few meteor showers. They are very consistent and happen every year around the same dates and in the same location in the sky.

If you want to learn more about meteor showers, check out the following articles:

List of January meteor showers

The following are the meteor showers that will happen in the month of January.

The list is sorted by the peak date.

December Leonis Minorids (December 5 – February 4)

General Information

NameDecember Leonis Minorids
Start dateDecember 5
End dateFebruary 4
PeakDecember 20
Speed64 km/s
Zenithal hourly rate5


ConstellationLeo minor
Right ascension10.7
Declination30° 00′ 00″

Quadrantids (December 28 – January 12)

General Information

Start dateDecember 28
End dateJanuary 12
PeakJanuary 3
Comet(196256) 2003 EH1
Speed41 km/s
Zenithal hourly rate110


Right ascension15h 28m
Declination50° 00′ 00″

Gamma Ursae Minorids (January 10 – January 22)

General Information

NameGamma Ursae Minorids
Start dateJanuary 10
End dateJanuary 22
PeakJanuary 18
Speed31 km/s
Zenithal hourly rate3


ConstellationUrsa Minor
Right ascension15.2
Declination67° 00′ 00″

Alpha Centaurids (January 31 – February 20)

General Information

NameAlpha Centaurids
Start dateJanuary 31
End dateFebruary 20
PeakFebruary 8
Speed58 km/s
Zenithal hourly rate6


Right ascension14h 00m 00s
Declination-10° 00′ 00″

Meteor shower guides for other months:

January | February | March | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December