We have known about the existence of planets outside the Solar system for decades, but they are so far away that we had only been able to discover a few of them.

This changed in 2009 when NASA launched the Kepler space telescope. It used a photometer to survey over 150,000 stars and measured their electromagnetic radiation, mostly in the infrared and ultraviolet wavelength. Astronomers used this data to discover new planets. And they started to appear by the hundreds.

Today more than 5,000 planets have been discovered outside the Solar system. To keep things short, we call them exoplanets (exo = outside).

Below you will find a list of every exoplanet with a name, but as you will notice, it is much shorter than the number mentioned above. So let’s clear that up first.

How do new planets get their names?

The International Astronomical Union (IAU) is an organization formed by astronomers from all over the world. It is in charge of deciding the standards for naming and classifying every celestial object.

That being said, there is no unique standard for naming planets. But there is one to give them their scientific designations. The convention for this is to use the name of their parent star followed by a letter. The first discovered planet in a star receives the letter a, the second one b, the third one c, and so on.

This is how the designations of exoplanets are something like 18 Delphini b, 47 Ursae Majoris c, or HD 209458 b.

A new planet can receive multiple designations. This is because there are multiple accepted catalogs of celestial objects and each one can use a different naming convention.

Because there are so many exoplanets and stars out there, it would be hard to name them all with a proper name so most of them only receive a scientific designation and only a few lucky ones get a real name.

Unlike smaller objects like asteroids or comets, planets and stars are not named by the people that discovered them.

In recent years, the IAU has started a campaign to give names to some of these new planets and they have tried to get the public involved. They launched the contest NameExoWorlds which every 3 years receives suggestions to name a certain number of exoplanets. These get vetted by IAU representatives and are then voted by a committee that also includes the discoverers.

This is how most of the planets in the list below have been named although some of the names given to the first few exoplanets discovered like Osiris were adopted simply because they became popular.

New Planet Names

In the list below you will find the list of newly discovered planets that have received proper names. Most of them got theirs in the NameExoWorlds contests of 2015, 2019, and 2022 so will find a lot more variety in the sources of the names than in other types of objects like constellations or moons that get their names almost exclusively from Greek mythology.

You will also find the star system they belong to as well as the distance from the Solar system and a small description of the meaning of their name.

There are no explicit rules as to what names are valid submissions to the naming contests but you will see a few patterns in the list such as words in ancient native languages, characters from various mythologies, historical characters, and names of rivers, mountains, etc.

AbolBuna (HD 16175)1962009From a traditional Ethiopian coffee ceremony
AgoutoAtakoraka (WASP-64)12202011Name of the highest mountain in Togo
AlbmiNásti (HD 68988)1892001“sky” in a native Norwegian language
AlefTevel (HAT-P-9)15662008The first letter of the Hebrew alphabet
AmateruAin (Epsilon Tauri)1552006From Amaterasu, the Japanese goddess of the sun
ArberIllyrian (HD 82886)4082011Name for inhabitants of Albania during the Middle Ages
ArionMusica (18 Delphini)2382008Ancient Greek poet
ArkasIntercrus (41 Lyncis)2882007One of the sons of Zeus and Callisto in Greek mythology
AsyeNyamien (WASP-15)10052008Earth goddess in Akan mythology
AumatexKoeia (HIP 12961)752009God of the wind in Taíno mythology
AwasisNikawiy (HD 136418)3202010“child” in a native Canadian language
BabyloniaUruk (HD 231701)3542007From Babylon, the city in ancient Mesopotamia
BaganAyeyarwady (HD 18742)4402011An ancient city in Myanmar
BaiduriIntan (HD 20868)1602008“opal” in Malay
Bambaruush[6]Mazaalai[6] (HAT-P-21)9122010Mongolian for “bear cub”
BarajeelSharjah (HIP 79431)472010Wind towers used in Arabic countries
BeirutPhoenicia (HD 192263)651999The largest city in Lebanon
BendidaTangra (WASP-21)7502010From Bendis, a Thracian goddess
BocaprinsMalmok (WASP-39)7502011From Boca Prins beach
BoinayelMárohu (WASP-6)10012008God of rain in Taíno mythology
BraheCopernicus (55 Cancri A)412004Danish astronomer
BranTuiren (HAT-P-36)10342012character from Irish mythology
BuruKalausi (HD 83443)1422002“dust” in the Dholuo language
BélisamaBélénos (HD 8574)1442003Gaulish goddess of fire
CaleuchePincoya (HD 164604)1292010Ghost ship in Chilean mythology
CayahuancaCitalá (HD 52265)912000“rock looking at the stars” in Nahuatl
ChuraKamuy[6] (HD 145457)4112010“natural beauty” in the some Japanese languages
CruinlaghGloas (WASP-13)5092008“to orbit” in Manx Gaelic
CuptorDiya (WASP-72)11082013Baking and drying chamber formerly used in Mauritius
DagonFomalhaut A252008Fertility god of Levantine mythology
DimidiumHelvetios (51 Pegasi)501995From the latin word for “half”
Ditsö̀Diwö (WASP-17)13392009God Sibö̀ in Talamancan (Costa Rica) mythology
DopereBelel (HD 181342)3612010North Senegalese area
DraugrLich (PSR B1257+12)23001994From Norse mythology
DrukyulGakyid (HD 73534)3162009Native name of Bhutan
DulcineaCervantes (Mu Arae)502004from the word for “sweet” in Spanish
EburoniaNervia (HD 49674)1332002A Celtic tribe
EigerMönch (HD 130322)981999Peak in the Bernese Alps
EquianoAmadioha (HD 43197)1792009Olaudah Equiano, Nigerian writer
EyekeNenque (HD 6434)1322000“near” in the Waorani language (Ecuador)
FinlayFelixvarela (BD−17 63)1132008Carlos Finlay, Cuban epidemiologist
FoldFuni (HD 109246)2142010“earth/soil” in Old Icelandic
FortitudoLibertas (Xi Aquilae)2042007Latin for “fortitude”
GalileoCopernicus (55 Cancri A)411996Italian astronomer
GanjaMahsati (HD 152581)6072011Ancient capital of Azerbaijan
GuaraniTupi (HD 23079)1142001Native people that inhabited Brazil, Paraguay, and other parts of South America
GöktürkAnadolu (WASP-52)4602011Nomadic tribe of Turkic peoples
HaikAmansinaya (WASP-34)3902010God of the sea in Tagalog mythology (Phillipines)
HairuEmiw (HD 7199)1172011“unity” in the Makhuwa language (Mozambique)
HallaBaekdu (8 UMi)5192015The tallest mountain in South Korea
HarriotCopernicus (55 Cancri A)412007English astronomer
HiisiHorna (HAT-P-38)8122012Sacred and evil spirits in Finnic mythology (Finland)
HypatiaEdasich (Iota Draconis)1022002Female Greek astronomer and philosopher
HämarikKoit (XO-4)9562008“twilight” in Estonian
IbirapitáCeibo (HD 63454)1172005A tree native to South America
IndépendanceCitadelle (HD 1502)5192011Haitian Declaration of Independence
IolausLerna (HAT-P-42)14582012Nephew of Heracles in Greek mythology
IsagelAniara (HD 102956)4112010Character from the poem Aniara by Harry Martinson
IsliTislit (WASP-161)11302018Lake in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco
IxbalanquéHunaphú (HD 98219)4372011One of twin gods who became the Moon in K’iche’ mythology (Mayan/Guatemalan)
IztokIrena (WASP-38)3602010Character from the historical novel Pod svobodnim soncem by Fran Saleški Finžgar
JanssenCopernicus (55 Cancri A)412004Dutch astronomer
JebusMoriah (HAT-P-23)1972006The ancient name of Jerusalem
KavianKaveh (HD 175541)4182007“relating to Kaveh” from the epic poem Shahnameh by Persian poet Ferdowsi
KererūKaraka (HD 137388)1242011Māori name for a type of pigeon
KhomsaChechia (HD 192699)2202007Palm shaped amulet used in Tunisia
Koyopa’Tojil (WASP-22)9782010“lightning” in the Kʼicheʼ language
KrotoaNaledi (WASP-62)5202011!Uriǁ’aeǀona translator during the founding of Cape Colony (South Africa)
KráľomocChasoň (HAT-P-5)11002007“Jupiter” in ancient Slovak
LaliguransSagarmatha (HD 100777)1722007“rhododendron” in Nepali
LeklsullunUklun (HD 102117)1402004“child/children” in the Pitkern language (Pitcairn Islands)
LeteFlegetonte (HD 102195)952005From Lethe, the underworld river in Greek mythology
LipperheyCopernicus (55 Cancri A)412002Dutch lensmaker
MadalitsoNatasha (HD 85390)1112009“blessings” in the Nyanja language (Zambia, Mozambique)
MadriuArcalís (HD 131496)3592011Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley UNESCO World Heritage Site
MaepingChaophraya (WASP-50)7502011Ping River in Thailand
MagorHunor (HAT-P-2)3852007Ancestor of the Magyars in Hungarian mythology
MajritiTitawin (Upsilon Andromedae)441999Muslim astronomer
MakropulosAbsolutno (XO-5)8322008Character in the works of Czech playwright Karel Čapek
MastikaGumala (HD 179949)882000“gem/jewel” in Malay (Indonesia, Malasya, Singapore)
MelquíadesMacondo (HD 93083)942005Character from the novel Cien años de soledad by Colombian author Gabriel García Márquez
MeztliTonatiuh (HD 104985)3332003Aztec god of the moon and the night
MintomeItonda (HD 208487)1472004Fang word for a mythical land where a brotherhood of brave men live (Ecuatorial Guinea, Gabon)
MulchatnaNushagak (HD 17156)2552007Mulchatna River in southwestern Alaska
NachtwachtSterrennacht (HAT-P-6)6502007Famous paint by Rembrandt
NakanbéMouhoun (HD 30856 A)3852011Nakanbé river in Burkina Faso and Ghana
NaqaỹaNosaxa (HD 48265)2852008“brother/family/relative” in the Mocoví language (Argentina)
NaronBosona (HD 206610)6332010Celtic name for the Neretva river in the Balkans
NegoiuMoldoveanu (XO-1)5362006Second highest peak in the Romanian Făgăraș mountains
NeriMago (HD 32518)3832009Neri River in southern Ethiopia
NoifasuiDofida (HD 117618)1242004“revolve around” in the Nias language
OnasilosAlasia (HD 168746)1412002Oldest recorded doctor in Cyprus
OrbitarFafnir (42 Draconis)3172008“to orbit”
PeitrussLucilinburhuc (HD 45350)1602004Pétrusse river in Luxembourg
PerwanaShama (HD 99109)12802010“moth” in Urdu
PhobetorLich (PSR B1257+12)23001992Greek myth
PipiteaPoerava (HD 221287)1732007Small pearls found in Penrhyn lagoon
PirxSolaris (BD+14 4559)1602009Character from the books of Polish author Stanisław Lem
PolleraMontuno (WASP-79)7802012Traditional women’s costume in Panama
PoltergeistLich (PSR B1257+12)23001992“noisy ghost” (Germany)
QuijoteCervantes (Mu Arae)502000From Don Quixote
RamajayDingolay (HD 96063)5152011“to sing and make music” (Trinidad and Tobago)
RiosarRosalíadecastro (HD 149143)2102005Sar River in Spain
RocinanteCervantes (Mu Arae)502004The horse of Don Quixote
SaffarTitawin (Upsilon Andromedae)441996Muslim astronomer
SamagiyaSāmaya (HD 205739)2952008“togetherness/unity” in the Sinhalese language (Sri Lanka)
SamhTitawin (Upsilon Andromedae)441999Muslim astronomer
SanchoCervantes (Mu Arae)502006Character from Don Quixote
SantamasaBibhā (HD 86081 A)2972006“clouded” in Sanskrit
SazumFormosa (HD 100655)3982011Traditional name of Yuchi Township in Nantou County, Taiwan
SissiFranz (HAT-P-14)6692010Character from the 1955 Austrian film “Sissi”
SmertriosOgma (HD 149026)2572005Gallic god of war
SpeVeritate (14 Andromedae)2492008“Hope” (Latin)
StaburagsLiesma (HD 118203)2892005Rock with symbolic meaning from Latvian poem Staburags un Liesma
SumajmajtaInquill (HD 156411)1802009Character from Way to the Sun by Peruvian writer Abraham Valdelomar
SurtMuspelheim (HAT-P-29)10502011Ruler of Muspelheim in Norse mythology
TadmorErrai (Gamma Cephei A)452003Modern Arabic name for Palmyra
TanzaniteMpingo (WASP-71)7002012Tanzanite mineral
Taphao KaewChalawan (47 Ursae Majoris)462001One of two sisters associated with a Thai folk tale
Taphao ThongChalawan (47 Ursae Majoris)461996One of two sisters associated with a Thai folk tale
TassiliHoggar (HD 28678)6232011From Tassili n’Ajjer, a World Heritage Site in Algeria
TeberdaDombay (HAT-P-3)4202007Teberda River in Russia
ThestiasPollux342006Greek myth
TogeSika (HD 181720)1832009“earring” in the Ewe language (Ghana, Togo, Benin)
TondraTimir (HD 148427)1932009“nap” in Bengali language (Bangladesh)
TrimobeRapeto (HD 153950)1622008Rich ogre from Malagasy mythology (Madagascar)
TryzubBerehynia (HAT-P-15)6202010Tryzub, the coat of arms of Ukraine
TumearanduTupã (HD 108147)1262002Son of the first man and woman of the universe in Guaraní mythology (Paraguay)
UgaritEbla (HD 218566)982010Ancient port city in Siria
UmbäässaPipoltr (TrES-3)12202007“small ant” in the Triesenberg dialect (Liechtenstein)
VelesStribor (HD 75898)2632007Slavic deity of earth, water, and the underworld
VictoriapeakLionrock (HD 212771)4272010A hill on Hong Kong Island
ViculusParumleo (WASP-32)7952010“little village” in Latin
ViriatoLusitânia (HD 45652)1202008Viriathus, leader of the Lusitanian people
VlasinaMorava (WASP-60)10002011Vlasina River in southeastern Serbia
VytisTaika (HAT-P-40)16342012The coat of arms of Lithuania
WadirumPetra (WASP-80)1962013Largest valley in Jordan
WangshuXihe (HD 173416)4402009Chinese goddess of the Moon
XolotlanCocibolca (HD 4208)1112001The second largest lake in Nicaragua
XólotlAxólotl (HD 224693)3072006“animal” in Nahuatl, god of fire and lightning in Aztec mythology
YanyanBubup (HD 38283)1232011“boy” in the Boon wurrung language (Australia)
YvagaTapecue (HD 63765)1062009“paradise” in the Guarani language (Paraguay)
ÆgirRan (Epsilon Eridani)102000God of the sea in Norse mythology
ĠgantijaSansuna (HAT-P-34)8382012Megalithic temple complex on the Maltese island of Gozo

List of names of other celestial objects

If you came here looking for inspiration to find the perfect or the coolest name for a baby, a pet, or a character in your book and you didn’t find it, check out these other lists of names.


Elena is a Canadian journalist and researcher. She has been looking at the sky for years and hopes to introduce more people to the wonderful hobby that is astronomy.